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What is Panchakarma?

Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies, along with myriad methods of purification and rejuvenation of the body, mind and soul. Apart from being a healing system, it is a science that tells us the art of appropriate living. It tells us how to achieve longevity and live a life that is free of diseases. Panchakarma is Ayurveda’s one of the ancient and important purification and detoxification treatments. In Sanskrit, the word ‘Panchakarma literally means “five therapies”, which suggests that it is a comprehensive system of knowledge and practices to purify the body of toxins and restore it to balance with that of the Nature.
The five therapeutic means of eliminating toxins from the body, which constitute the Panchakarma, are Vamana, Virechana, Nasya, Basti and Raktamoskshana. The therapies deal with stress related problems and the toxins that may trigger an ailment, at the same time, they concentrate on creating a balance between the doshas (energies that govern all biological functions). Although Panchakarma is a highly effective therapy, it can remain ineffective, if the person doesn’t follow a special detoxification diet, along with the treatments.

Types & Mode of Action of Individual Panchakarma Therapy:

Vamana Therapy The kapha toxins accumulated in the body and the respiratory tract are effectively removed by Vamana, one of the five therapies of Panchakarma in Ayurveda. Vamana is therapeutic vomiting, which is a medicated emesis therapy. People with high imbalance of kapha are given this type of treatment, which loosens and mobilizes the toxins, in an effort to eliminate them from the body.
Virechana Therapy Ayurveda, the science of life, emphasizes on the adoption of a number of preventative and healing therapies, which can purify and rejuvenate the body, mind and soul. The medicinal form of science is not just a healing system, but also an art of appropriate, healthy and disease-free living. It aims at increasing the longevity of people of all ages.
Basti Karma One of the main procedures of Panchakarma Chikitsa, Basti karma concentrates on the elimination of the loosened vata dosha out through the rectum. The treatment involves the introduction of medicinal substances, such as, herbal oils and decoctions in a liquid medium, into the rectum of the person. This is because vata is predominantly located in the colon and bones.
Nasya Karma One of the Panchakarmas mentioned in Ayurveda, Nasya therapy is a process wherein the drug (herbalized oils and liquid medicines) is administered through the nostrils. Since nose is the gateway of the head, the therapy is highly effective in curing a number of diseases pertaining to the head, if it is performed systematically.
Raktamoksha Therapy (Blood Letting) Raktamoksha therapy is one of the Panchakarmas of Ayurveda. Literally meaning Blood Letting, Raktamoksha is performed to eliminate the toxins from the bloodstream through the gastrointestinal tract. It is a safe, painless and highly effective form of Panchakarma. Raktamoksha entails the refinement of blood, hence administered to treat disorders pertaining to skin, such as urticaria, rash, eczema, acne, scabies, leucoderma, chronic itching and hives.
Panchakarma is given individually to each person according to their specific constitution and specific disorder or needs; this ayurveda treatment requires close observation and supervision. Other miscellaneous therapies of Panchakarma are:
Shirodhara: It is recommended in anxiety, depression, hypertension, insomnia etc.
Kati Basti: Useful in different backaches.
Janu Basti: Useful in arthritis of the knee joint.
Nadi Sweda: Useful in pain disorders of different sites.
Pinda Sweda: Useful in neurological ailments and in the management of different pains.
Shashti-Shali Pindasweda: Useful in neurological ailments.
Tarpanam: Useful in the ailments of the eyes.
Shirobasti: Useful in hair loss and the falling hair and other diseases of skull.
Uttara Basti: Useful in genitourinary diseases and infertility of female.
Udvartana:It is a medicated Ubtan to be applied over the skin for fair and glowing skin.


Importance Of Panchakarma

The significance of Panchakarma is testified by the fact that they are essentially applicable to all cases covering a wide range of preventive, curative and promotive conditions.

  • Conservative management does not work adequately if Panch detox is not preceded.
  • Panch karma therapy for its purificatory role is an general way of management of disease. The procedure remains more or less same in evbry disease, only doe specifications alter
  • Panch karma if carried out, with due respect to the season and body constitution renders beautification, lmmune-potentiation and disease prevention.
  • Panch Karma if carried out, on regular basis helps to delay the process of aging.
  • It carries the unique idea of total disease cure. No other medical system has any such therapy at least at hypothetical level.
  • It renders multiply therapeutic benefits such as, effect of specific disease Disired benefit. Rehabilitation/Physiotherapy effect, immediate benefit, Effect of genaral immunity long term benefit.
  • The benefit of surgery will be very much ensured, if (preoperative procedure of elective surgery) follows Panch Karma Therapy.


Panchakarma is used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat almost all diseases, particularly those that are chronic, metabolic or stress-related in origin. Panchakarma has been used to treat allergies, asthma , arthritis, cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome , colitis, high cholesterol, depression , diabetes, digestive disorders, heart disease, hypertension , immune problems, infections , inflammation, insomnia , nervous disorders, obesity , skin problems, and ulcers. Panchakarma may be used alongside intensive conventional treatments including chemotherapy and surgery, to support healing and recovery. Panchakarma is safe and non-toxic, and can be used as prevention and to increase general well-being. Panchakarma is limited in treating traumatic injuries, acute pain , and conditions requiring immediate surgery or invasive procedures.